A dental implant is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as crown, denture, bridge, facial prosthesis or to act as a orthodontic anchor. A dental prosthesis is an intraoral used to restore intraoral defects such as missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate. Restoration is also referred to as reconstruction and its carried out in the inside of the mouth. A dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses is prosthodontics.
There are functions that have been resulted by dental prostheses and they include; rehabilitating mastication, aiding of speech and improving aesthetics. Holding of one place by connecting to teeth or dental implants by suction or being passively held by surrounding muscles is how the dental prostheses are positioned. The variations of dental prostheses is a lot and they can be permanently or temporarily fixed.
Dental prostheses that are permanently fixed use dental adhesive or screws to attach to the teeth or dental implants. The process of removing dental prostheses includes; using friction against parallel hard surfaces that undercuts the adjacent teeth or dental implants, suction using the mucous retention and also by exploiting the surrounding muscles and anatomical contours of the jaw to passively hold it in place.
The dental health of an individual is improved by use of dental braces or orthodontic anchors which straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite. Not only does braces straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite but they also correct under bites, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, malocclusions among other flaws of the teeth and jaw.
Braces can be found as cosmetic or structural and are used in combination of other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and also assist in shaping the teeth and jaws. Osseointegration is a biological process that is used as a basis for modern dental implants. Titanium is the material that is used to form an intimate bond to bone. The connection between living bone and the surface of a load- bearing artificial implant is osseointegration which is direct structural and functional. Areas in which osseointegration has been applied include; knee and joint replacement, eye-borg perceive color through sound waves, bone anchored hearing conduction amplification, retention of the craniofacial prostheses, dental implants and bone anchored limb prostheses.
The healing time after undergoing osseointegration is quite significant even before attaching of dental prosthetic to the implant or an abutment is placed to hold on the dental prosthetic. An implants position is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth through lab simulations or using computer tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents.